University of PhoenixEmployment law plays a very important role in most people's lives. It affects the employer, employee, vendors, customers, patients and many others either directly or indirectly. This paper will take a glance at the history of employment law and federal acts that affect employment. It will also examine the writer's experience with employment law and how a few of those experiences were handled legally.
Employment Law HistoryThe Civil Rights Act of 1964 is a key factor in employment law. John F. Kennedy, in a speech in 1963, asked, in general, that all Americans have equal rights. When the legislation was passed in 1964, it eliminated racial segregation amongst many things and spawned the creation of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC). The EEOC is an essential part of employment law. "Throughout its existence, the Commission has focused on but one simply stated mission: the elimination of illegal discrimination from the workplace."
(Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, 2009).
The Pregnancy Discrimination Act is an amendment of the Civil Rights Act and often falls under the jurisdiction of the EEOC. The Pregnancy Discrimination Act, enacted in 1978, ensures that employers do not discriminate against employees who are pregnant or may want to become pregnant. The employers cannot discriminate or fail to hire a person solely because the person is pregnant or does desire to become pregnant. It also prohibits any discrimination against any pregnant person concerning disability, health insurance and fringe benefits. A pregnant person must be treated the same as any other person on disability. If a pregnant woman decides to apply for a job, the employer must treat her equally as the other applicants and the pregnancy cannot be a factor in the hiring process.
The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 was created to ensure equal opportunity concerning...