Throughout history, England has been a major power. At certain points in history, its government and economy have been very powerful and grand. Due to many factors, England was able to grow in power and become a predominant force in Europe. During the Industrialization of the early to mid-nineteenth century, England was able to achieve and maintain the role as the supreme industrialized power because of the characteristics of England.
England was successful due to the trade it received and also due to the numerous factories and textiles located in England. Because England had a large amount of iron available, Factories and inventions were made. Using the natural resources, the factories, and inventions, countless products were made with better quality. Also, because the machines actually did the work, they factory owners did not have to pay as many laborers and also the job was done at a much quicker pace.
England gained wealth through the various textiles, iron making, shipbuilding, china production and manufacturing. The factories were much more profitable than hand based work. Because factories were now replacing hand based work, there was a high demand for iron, steel, and metalworkers, two things that England had a lot of. England's adequate capital, native technological skills, and a social structure that allowed considerable mobility were key factors in the supremacy of England during the industrialization period.
Trade was also a very important factor why England was the leader of industrialization. England had a strong foreign and domestic demand for goods. This allowed them to ship their products all over the world. This was possible because of several factors. One reason why it could happen was because French trade was down because of the problems that Napoleon started. The Spanish independence opened up trade routes which allowed England to continue trading with the colonies and also the lands in North America. Also, England had managed to have trade with southern Asia because it controlled India. The railways that opened up allowed the transport of goods to travel quicker and allowed people to travel quicker, thus increasing trade. They represented the investment in capital goods rather than consumer goods.
Another factor that helped England advance was the idea of Chartism. In 1836, William Lovett formed the London Working Men's Association. They issued the charter, demanding six reforms. These reforms were universal male suffrage, annual election of the House of Commons, secret ballot, equal electoral districts, abolition of property qualifications for members of the House of Commons, and the payment of salaries to members of the House of Commons. These reforms would allow more rights to be given to the workers and the House of Commons. The Charter also published a newspaper called the Northern Star. However, Parliament rejected the charter 3 times. Also, the people of the charter were split between violence and peace. The six points of the charter were later put into law.
England has been known in history for being one of the most powerful nations in the world. Because of its economy and characteristics, England was able to be the leader in the industrialization period because of many factors. Factories and textiles gave England a vast amount of wealth. Trade and the railways allowed the products made by the factories and textiles to be shipped to its buyers quickly and efficiently. Also, the six points of the charter allowed new ideas on reform to be introduced and later made into laws. These factors together were responsible for the success and wealth of England