Over the 3 week duration of the course I learned many theories that tried to provide answerers on the search for good and evil. Kant's theory on deontology, Freud's theory on psycho egoism and self deception Theory of Ethical conventionalism, Theory on human and nature centered ethics, Ethical pluralism and many more. If I had to choose any of the theories that I learned in class it would be the theory of ethical conventionalism, and Kant's theory on deontology.
I would choose ethical conventionalism because the theory reduces moral values to the conventions of groups, their customs, laws, and their habits approved by society. There are several parts to Ethical conventionalism. Arguments about group authority, Sheer diversity, Survival, and tolerance. Group authority expresses group customs which determines what is right and wrong within a group. The sheer diversity argument explains how different societies have vastly different moral beliefs.
Therefore what ever a society believes in is what is right and wrong within that society. Survival focuses on the survival of a group and their customs. The survival of a group relies on the individuals within the group. The tolerance argument focuses on having respect and tolerance for other cultures and their beliefs. The reason I agree with Ethical conventionalism is because it focuses on how things are done today as well as in the past and have always been done. Every culture has their own beliefs, now many cultures have all adapted most of the same basic beliefs. Societies are built by individuals and rely on the actions of individuals within a society for that society to survive.
I would also choose Kant's theory on deontology. His theory involves duties, duty t respect others, act on universal principles, and to respect yourself, and inorder to be moral...