Discuss the forces and influences shaping Chinese strategic culture and security concerns at the turn of the twenty-first century. How will China's emerging power status impact on the region?
From the introduction of Deng Xiaoping's economic reforms with the exhortation that "...to get rich is glorious?" in 1978 , China's primary concern has been to make itself a prosperous and secure nation by way of processes of economic reform. In current Chinese terminology the stated goal is to increase the country's 'Comprehensive National Power'. The Chinese government finally bet on capitalism as the means by which to achieve these goals. Though China has achieved remarkable success over the past two decades by way of opening the economy to foreign investment and trade. It is now faced with a number of challenges to its domestic and foreign policy as a result of its past and prospective movements to integrate with the global economy.
In short, as China moves into the 21st century, the challenges that it faces are to maintain social stability and regime security through the perpetuation of the party's legitimacy via a program of economic reform.
Indeed many Scholars and Beijing itself have posed the question: "Will China Collapse...?" . State Owned Enterprises or SOEs have been under the reform hammer since 1993. Traditionally protected against foreign competition they have been responsible for employing approximately two thirds of China's urban workforce, whilst also providing the social-welfare needs of workers and their families. Having been perpetuated by unviable bank loans granted under political duress reform has been and remains an imperative to save the banks and SOEs' from foreign competition and each other. As a result of these and other reforms designed for the transition to a market economy it is estimated that as many as 11 million people...