Glacier National ParkGlacier National Park is a land of high-mountain adventure, a land in northwestern Montana, Glacier National Park has long inspired superlatives. It was established in 1910, joined in 1932 with Waterton Lakes National Park in Canada, as Waterton Glacier International Peace Park.
Glacier National Park was established to protect the area's spectacular scenic values, as characterized by the geologic features of the Rocky Mountains and valleys and the native plant and animal life. The park encompasses approximately 1.4 million acres of wilderness and some of the most beautiful mountain scenery in the western United States. A combination of spectacular scenery, diverse flora and fauna, and relative isolation from major population centers have combined to make Glacier National Park the center of one of the largest and most intact ecosystems in North America. Its flora is more than 1,250 plant species. Its fauna is all 63 mammal species are native.
Many of272 bird species are migratory. Also 5 there are amphibian and 2 nonpoisonous snake species.
Natural features are some of the oldest exposed sedimentary rock layers in the U.S., more than a billion years in age. The summer temperatures ranging from 30 degrees to 90 degrees Fahrenheit. Winter lows are in the 40's Fahrenheit.
To the 19th century explorer George Grinnell, Glacier was the "crown of the continent."ÃÂ The Continental Divide winds along ridgetops of the Lewis Range through the center of the park. The divide splits not only headwaters but Glacier itself into distinct regions. To the west, mild, moist Pacific fronts favor slopes cloaked with cedars and hemlocks, while a drier, windier, and more severe environment prevails to the east.