Historic & social aspects report
Compare and contrast the impact on the Australian environment of European farming practices and Aboriginal land management practices.
For over 200 years, Australia has been adopting European farming practices. Although these practices have generated a lot of money for the farmers, the impact on the Australian environment is starting to take its toll.
With less water and nutrients than Europe, many serious environmental problems are developing such as salinity, water logging, soil erosion, declining water quality and loss of biodiversity. Even though salt is naturally present in many of Australia's landscapes, farmers still adopt European farming practices and plant shallow-rooted plants, instead of native vegetation.,  European methods have also led to land clearing, removing deep rooted trees and plants. Monoculture was also adapted from the Europeans, and this practice has caused depletion of soil nutrients and a reduction in moisture levels.