The Human genome project :In 1990, the project initially headed by James Watson began at the U.S National Institutes of health.
A genome is the entire DNA in a living animal such as cats, human and antsÃÂ including its genes.
DNA is the long thread of a molecule that carries genes. Each strand of DNA, packaged as a chromosome, bears thousands of genes. Each gene contains the instructions for making a single component of the body, usually a protein. The hereditary instructions embedded in DNA are written with a four-letter alphabet (A, G, C, and T). A single misspelling in the DNA code can lead to the production of a defective protein, which can cause disease (KARIN JEGALIAN)It is one of the most ambitious quests that the science ever had. These researches bring the hope of a new age in medicine, with enormous benefits for the public.
It involves the identification of all the 25,000 genes (ornl) in the human DNA, to understand how we are made better.
To determine the sequences of the 3 billion chemical base pairs (ornl) that makes up human DNA,Store this information in databases; to share this information with the worldÃÂs scientists, is also a part of the project, to allow them to develop therapeutics new methods, resulting in better treatments with fewer side effects.
Leading more accuracy for the diagnosis and precise classification of severity disease,Improve tools for data analysis (ornl),Transfer related technologies to the private sector (ornl), and address the ethical, legal, and social issues (ELSI) that may arise from the project. This program focused efforts on four areas: Privacy and fair use of genetic information, clinical integration of genetic in the technology, issues surrounding ethicÃÂs problems, and education.
Genetic engineering is a technique used by scientists to change the DNA of some...