Essay by Anonymous UserUniversity, Bachelor'sA+, January 1997

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牋牋牋牋Mexico, the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos), is bordered on the north by the United States of America; on the south by Belize and Guatemala; on the east by the United States of America, Gulf of Mexico, and the Caribbean Sea; and on the west by the Pacific Ocean.

牋牋牋牋Mexico's borders stretch approximately 1,958,201 square kilometers or 756,066 square miles. That figure includes 5,363 square kilometers or 2,071 square miles of outlying islands. From north to south its longest distance is 1,250 miles. From east to west its longest distance is 1,900 miles. Mexico's coast line covers about 6,320 miles.

牋牋牋牋Most of Mexico is just an immense elevated plateau, flanked by mountain ranges that fall sharply off to narrow coastal plains in the West and East. Much of Mexico's Central Plateau is a continuation of the great plains through the southwestern United States. The highest point in all of Mexico is Mount Onzaba (Citlaltepetl).

It is 18,707 feet above sea level. Mexico's lowest point is near Mexicali. This area near Mexicali is thirty-three feet below sea level.

牋牋牋牋The capital of Mexico is Mexico City. The metropolitan area of Mexico City is home to about 14,987,051 people of Mexico's total population of about 93,670,000, according to a 1990 census. Although most of Mexico's population is from Mexico City, which is the biggest city in the world, Mexico's other cities include Guadalajara, Monterrey, and Puebla. Most of Mexico's population lives in urban areas, about seventy-five percent, and the population density is about forty-eight people per square kilometer, or one-hundred and twenty-four people per square mile.

牋牋牋牋Mexico's official language is Spanish, although another language that is fairly widely spoken is Native American. Mexico's ethnic groups can be broken down into three major groups: Mestizo, Native American, and European. Mestizo's...