Neighborhood Watch Research StudyNeighborhood Watch Programs seem to be supported by many of the concepts centered on Social Structure Theory and Social Disorganization Theory. Within the Social Structure Theory lay the Social Disorganization Theory and Social Ecology, which both are directly related to the concepts of Neighborhood Watch Programs.
In the Social Disorganization Theory it can be seen how neighborhood watch programs are used to combat certain aspects of the theory which are linked to criminal behaviors such as social disorganization and a lack of informal social control, development of gangs and peer groups which replace existing family institutions and criminal areas that are vulnerable to crime. Over the years the social disorganization theory has evolved further into a study of Social Ecology. Social Ecology defines aspects of community deterioration, fear, and change which can all be linked to Neighborhood Watch Programs and its use in communities to prevent and control criminal behaviors and acts.
ÃÂÃÂCommunity deterioration has been directly linked to elevated crime rates in areas in which neighborhoods face poverty and disorderÃÂÃÂ (Siegel 185). Community fear mixed with disorganization in neighborhoods creates an environment that individuals become afraid of being victimized and either isolates themselves from the community or simply move out of the neighborhood and the community changes. Neighborhood Watch Programs have been created to combat these issues in that they attempt to bring neighborhoods together through ÃÂÃÂcollective efficacyÃÂÃÂ (Siegel 188).
Neighborhood Watch Programs work based on collective efficacy in that they are designed to bring ÃÂÃÂcommunity members together to reestablishÃÂÃÂ or maintain ÃÂÃÂcontrol of their neighborhoodsÃÂÃÂ (National Sheriff's Association, 2007). Consequently, neighborhood watch programs promote a better quality of life for residents by decreasing community deterioration, fear, and change which assist with reducing crime rates.
The Social Structure Theory essentially revolves around the belief that different...