A paper which analyzes the elements of individualism and collectivism that exist in the controversial topic of cloning.

Essay by topphoduUniversity, Bachelor'sB, March 2004

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In many controversial topics around the

world, such as abortion, gun control, legalized drugs, the death penalty,

and cloning (to name a few), we can find differing positions, and

opinions. Many of these arguments, can be narrowed down to two different

views, or constructs: individualistic and communitarian (an image of

collectivism). An individualistic viewpoint "stresses the rights of the

individual as a unique being" (class review). A communitarian viewpoint is

more concerned with the good for the greatest number, "even if an

individual must suffer or sacrifice" (class review). These different

elements do not necessarily label the people as opposed to, or in favor of

the topic here. They just show where your motivations lie, is your

involvement for self fulfillment or for the good of society? Within the

contents of this paper, I will analyze the elements of individualism and

collectivism that exist in the controversial topic of cloning.

When Dr. Ian Wilmut, a 52-year-old embryologist at the Roslin

Institute in Edinburgh announced on that he had replaced the genetic

material of sheep's egg with the DNA from an adult sheep, and created a

lamb (Dolly), the topic of cloning "created" many new questions of its

own. None were as controversial as: Will they apply this to humans as

well? According to Dr. Wilmut, the answer was "there is no reason in

principle why you couldn't do it"(clone humans), but he added, "All of us

would find that offensive."(Wilmut as quoted by NYTimes, Daniel Callahan,

02/26/97). From an individualistic viewpoint, those in

favor of cloning human beings, do not see it as morally, or ethically

wrong. Many see it as an opportunity to have children, or possibly to

"re-create" a child who is dying from a terminal illness. Using a

deterministic argument, many infertile couples are worried that any...