The study was called "Parental Hostility: Impact on the Family". Wesley D. Alan, Javad Kashani, and John Reid conducted this study. This study is the first effort to systematically examine the effects that parental hostility has on a child and the family. The experimenters anticipated that parental hostility would be connected with extended levels of child psychopathology.
One hundred children, ages 7 to 12, from an inpatient unit in a university affiliated community mental health center served as the subjects.
Additionally one parent, usually the mother, took part in the study. A number of children were excluded from the study because they either had full IQ's or they met the criteria for a psychotic disorder, leaving a sample of 87. This study was done mostly by questionnaires, some being Symptom Checklist 90-Revised (SCL-90-R), Dimensions of Temperament Survey (DOTS), Personality Inventory for Children (PIC), The Scale for Suicide Ideation (SSI), The Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale (RCMAS), and the Children's Depression Rating Scale (CDRS).
A research assistant administered the questionnaires to each child after admission. Following a structured interview with each child the assistant completed the CDRS. A member of the nursing staff completed the SSI after conducting a semi structured interview with each child and after observing his/her on unit behavior. Additionally, the one parent completed questionnaires like the SCL-90, PIC, and the DOTS. After this was done with every child two groups were formed by doing a split based on the SCL-90 hostility scores, and they were compared.
The major findings in this study are that the presence of parental hostility is associated with the concurrent presence of familial problems. Meaning parents who are hostile likely head families that lack cohesion and tend to be chaotic and unsupportive. These families may also be characterized by arguments and...