Perspectives of Justice

Essay by ChelseaHCollege, UndergraduateB, September 2014

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Chelsea Hamerlinck

CJ 220


Perspectives of Justice

There are many different perspectives of criminal justice. The two perspectives that really dominate the field are the crime-control perspective and the non-intervention perspective. These two perspectives are unconditionally opposite of each other, which is why I believe that they dominate the field. Society views crime in a number of ways and no one is sure which view is the correct one. Crime is present in all societies of all types. There is no society that is not confronted with the problem of crime; however different societies tend to react individually to the problem of crime. These two perspectives will display that.

The crime control perspective is a model of criminal justice that emphasizes that control of dangerous offenders and the protection of society through harsh punishment as a deterrent to crime (Siegel, 2012). The crime-control perspective benefits the upper and middle classes of a society.

They follow the very distinct criminal law. Criminal law is when any society prohibits certain acts and prescribes the punishments to be meted out to violators using the criminal justice system (Kornblum, 2012). Most Americans operate with this perspective due to the fact that it is the most common perspective to follow. This perspective grows off of the classical deterrence theory. The two main points of this theory are that decisions to violate the law are weighed against possible punishments and to deter crime, the pain of punishment must outweigh the benefit of illegal gain. Human beings have made assumptions about their own nature with ideas such as free-will and maximized pleasure. Free-will is the freedom to make personal behavioral choices free from environmental factors such as poverty or ideological beliefs. Humans behave to maximize pleasure and minimize pain. They weigh their benefits and costs of...