A Reflection and Comparative Analysis of the Australian Aboriginals and the Chinese Culture
In our society, having good understanding of the different cultural value, rules and beliefs will enable us to effectively analyse situations in both an everyday or business sense. I will be comparing the similarities and differences in two different societies, the Chinese and Aboriginal Australian people, both having established social values through long ancestral history. By exploring the theoretical dimensions of Universalism verses particularism continuing with looking at collectivism, I hope to consolidate my belief that understanding people is essential in everyday situation.
Since Australia is an egalitarian society, universalism plays an important role in our society. Universalism states that rules, laws, and values can be equally and fairly applied to all people with various cultures and background. (Sanders W 2001) Contrastingly, our local indigenous populations have a different opinion on whether all human rights are universal.
Aborigines are often plagued with discriminatory problems and health related issues. An Aboriginal lawyer Noel Pearson voiced that the social security system in Australia has caused harm to their society. Pearson argues that the norms of universalism only applies and is best for the non-aborigine Australians, whereas the rules of the "social welfare" were not written with consideration for them, thus indigenous people have major issues of adaptation and interpretation due to social and economic differences. (Sanders W 2001)
China is a particularistic culture where the norms consist of relationships and different circumstances in order to decide right or wrong. (Deresky H 2010) A Chinese business would bases their trust on the relationships built between the partners. If strict laws and regulations were involved, it would offend the partners because it creates a lack of trust between businesses. This highlights the importance of relationships in the Chinese society. (Gallo F...