Table of contents
2.1 Description of Gonorrhoea
2.1.1 Cause/ spread
2.1.4 Effects on human body
2.1.5 Disease statistics
2.2 Control strategies
2.2.1 Management of Gonorrhoea to date
2.2.2 Margin of error with current strategies
2.3.1 The anti-microbial resistance in Neisseria gonorrhoea
This report is a focus on Australia's management of the sexually transmissible, notifiable disease, Gonorrhoea. The aim of this report is to discuss the cause and effects of gonorrhoea on human health in Australia, and assess current control strategies' efficacy and provide recommendations of management for future complications. By reading this report, you will get a clear understanding of what Gonorrhoea is, the causes of the disease and how it is spread, what the effects on human health are, what control strategies are currently in place and what may need to be done in the future.
2.1 Description of Gonorrhoea.
Gonorrhoea is a communicable disease that is spread though sexual contact (vaginal, oral and anal) with another person and is caused by a bacterium, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, that grows and multiplies quickly in warm, moist areas of the body, namely the reproductive tract, the oral cavity and the rectum. It most often starts with an infection of the urethra (males) and cervix (females) but, if proper treatment is not applied, can spread to the throat (gonococcal pharyngitis); the vagina (vaginitis); and the anus and rectum in females, and in males the urethra (urethritis) and the anus and rectum (proctitis). In addition, the organisms may spread up the female reproductive tract, through the cervix and uterus, into the fallopian tubes causing Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) in females (Matthews, 2001). The eyes and oral cavity can be infected...