Taylor's The Principles of Scientific Management discusses the steps to
achieve "national efficiency", which is when all employees and machine
work to their full potential and to achieve maximum prosperity for both
the employer and employee. Taylor argues that the present day workforce
is in no way efficient but is the main cause for economic turmoil. In
order to achieve efficiency the workforce must use a scientific approach
(a systematic and well theorized plan) and redefined the relationships of
the employer, employee, and industry as a whole.
According to Taylor in order to finally have the maximum prosperity only
exist as the result of maximum productivity. Today's workforce lacks
productivity. Employees everyday underwork themselves; these employees
intentionally work slowly to avoid a true full day's work. Taylor
explain the reasons of underworking is: employees fear increasing output
will result in people out of work, the natural laziness in both
employees employers especially not relgluating one another in a proper
manner, and old set methods that are too board and universal which waste
the efforts of the workers.
Underworking shows up in profficency
standards; therefore, creates an unstable economy and high unemployment
To address these problems Taylor claims the roles of employees and
employers. The old method attempts to bring about more efficiency from
employees through the use of incentatives, but it rarely works.
Scientific manangement achieves the hard work and ingenuity of the
workers by uniformity and new duties for managers.
These duties will redefine the whole structure and approach to the
industry. These duties consist: of developing procedures for each aspect
of the employees' work, select, train, and develop the workforce, constant
cooperation and interaction with employees, and virtual equal parts of
work and responsibility between management and workmen. Scientific
management is about more...