Major issues surrounding affirmative action question if this policy violates individual rights or if its necessary in creating an equal society. Affirmative action is a program that takes the sex or race of an individual into account when hiring in order to balance the number of minorities and whites. The moral issues for this heated topic of debate include whether affirmative action produces illegal quotas, gives favored treatment to minorities, or if this is indeed a reverse discrimination against whites.
Those in favor of affirmative action believe this policy is necessary in establishing an equal society in the United States. They argue that this program makes it more of a fairer competition between whites and minorities. Since minorities remain to experience the disadvantages of being poor, they continue to be educated in inferior schools because better schools are dominated by wealthy whites that are able to afford the education.
With affirmative action, a percentage of minorities would have to be accepted into the better school system. In effect, this would end the continuous cycle that keeps women and minorities in low paying jobs and assist them in obtaining a satisfying career because they can now get the required education.
Those who oppose affirmative action believe that this policy is morally unjust. They argue that it violates the rights of individuals who are, according to the U.S constitution, to be treated equal. Affirmative action would be reversing the role of racism now to another racial group, creating even more discrimination in today's society. They believe that two wrongs do not make a right and that there are more efficient ways of incorporating women and minorities into the system without affirmative action. Anti-supporters also argue that using affirmative action in schools and jobs is wrong because...