The topography of Switzerland is mostly mountainous with mountain ranges in the south (Alps) and in the northwest (Jura). The central plateau of this country consists of rolling hills, plains, and large lakes. Switzerland also has many rivers including the Rhine and Rhone Rivers. Glaciers and waters are a very common sight here.
About 60 per cent of the total land area of Switzerland is covered by the Alps mountain range. It is a landlocked country sharing boundaries with Austria in the east, France in the west, Italy in the South, and Germany in its northern boundary.
Switzerland is facing a loss of biodiversity. Though this country is small, the varying climate allows a wide variety of organisms to flourish. There are approximately 50,000 plant and animal species living in Switzerland. Though species living in the north and south foothills are doing well, the Swiss plateau has suffered a decrease in many species. About 60 species are being considered endangered in Switzerland, and to help offset this natural imbalance, 28.6 per cent of the country has been declared by the government as a protected natural area.
II. PEOPLE'S WAY OF LIVING