What is symbolism? A method of making a character or an action, a situation or a setting, stand for more than itself.
ÃÂ· What was the origin of symbolism, and how did it evolve?
ÃÂ§ Wagnerian music-drama
ÃÂ§ Edgar Allen Poe
ÃÂ§ Charles Beaudelare
ÃÂ§ A European movement of the late 19th and early 20th centuries in reaction to realism and naturalism.
What fundamental theatrical problem did romanticism pose, and how did symbolism address that problem?
ÃÂ· Symbolist theater attempted to dramatize more poetic or metaphorical situations, often using unusual stage setting and ethereal dramatic action and language.
Who was Stephane Mallarme? A French poet, symbolism rooted in his work. The most important symbolist poet/thinker who sought to make drama reflect the mental or spiritual life rather than the crude world of the senses
ÃÂ§ under MallarmÃÂ©'s theory, the symbolists saw art not only as expression, but primarily as a mode of expression
What was his importance in the development of the basic concepts of symbolism in the theatre?
ÃÂ§ the rejection of any representation of realistic place and time
ÃÂ§ the focus on inner, subjective, emotional experience
ÃÂ§ the abandonment of rational "meaning"
ÃÂ§ the use of indirection
ÃÂ§ the exploration of music, poetry, and dance in the symbolist theatre
ÃÂ§ the use of formal elements
ÃÂ· To what extent did symbolism in the theatre represent
ÃÂ§ new forms of staging
ÃÂ§ new dramatic forms
ÃÂ§ new social movements
ÃÂ· Who was Paul Fort?
An 18-year-old poet who founded the Art Theatre in 1890
o he committed the theatre to a symbolist repertoire in 1891
o his most notable productions were Maeterlick's The Intruder and The Blind.
o these plays represent the interior life of the characters through atmospheric effect
Playwright Maurice Maeterlinck asked "Is a static...