Thomas Stearns Eliot was born on September 26, 1888 in St. Louis, Missouri. Along with being a playwright, literary critic, and editor, he was an American-English poet. Eliot lived In St. Louis for the first eighteen years of his life and attended Harvard University. He left the United States in 1910 for the Sorbonne. He had earned both undergraduate and masters degrees and also contributed several poems to the Harvard Advocate. After he was in Paris for a year, he returned to Harvard to pursue a doctorate in philosophy, but returned to Europe and settled in England in 1914. He then married Vivienne Haigh-Wood and became a teacher and later worked for Lloyd's Bank.
In London Eliot was recognized as poetic genius at once by Ezra Pound. Pound assisted Eliot in the publication of his work in many magazines. Eliot's first book of poems, Prufrock and Other Observations, was published in 1917.
Eliot's reputation began to grow tremendously in 1922 after the publication of The Waste Land, then and now considered to have been the most influential poems of the twenty first century. By 1930, and the next thirty years following, Eliot was considered the most dominant figure in poetry and literary criticism. He improved upon the philosophical poets that he had admired of the 17th (John Doone) and 19th century (Baudelaire and Laforgue). Since he was a critic also, he had a huge impact on contemporary literary taste.
Later in the years Eliot had many major poems which include Ash Wednesday (1930) and Four Quartets (1943). Some of his literary and critism in books are The Sacred Wood (1920), The Use of Poetry and the Use of Criticism (1933), and After Strange Gods (1934). Eliot was also a playwright, whose dramas include Murder in the...