American History Honors
Essay- World War I
Every president has to make certain difficult decisions regarding foreign policy. These decisions have huge consequences on the United States and its citizens. In some instances, the Unites States Congress and the American people accept these decisions, but in some instances Congress and the American people reject these decisions. An evident example of this system of checks and balances between the Executive Branch and the Legislative Branch and a major decision by a President in the area of foreign policy was President Woodrow Wilson's yearn to join the League of Nations under the Treaty of Versailles (1919).
After the Germans agreed to the armistice in November 1918, the "Big Four" met at a Peace Conference in Paris. This included Woodrow Wilson, president of the United States, Prime Minister David Lloyd George of Great Britain, Premier Georges Clemenceau of France, and Premier Vittorio Orlando of Italy.
They created the Versailles Treaty (1919), which included a League of Nations under Article 10. President Woodrow Wilson was in favor of the League. He wanted to help achieve the goals of his fourteen points and thought the League was a good way to go about obtaining this goal. Under the League of Nations, each League member was committed to respect and preserve all the other members of the League against "external aggression." This meant that each League member would be expected to go to war against any nation threatening another member of the League, to protect them. President Wilson argued that under this kind of "collective security", all members of the League would protect one another and it would prevent future wars. He believed that this would create and maintain peace between the nations of the world, and that weaker nations would be protected...