AIDS - Its Spread & Control.

Essay by priya_tiwari October 2005

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In some parts of the world there are still wars being fought and dictators in power. There are societies which consider themselves at the peak of evolution and progress. They are able to create state of the art automobiles, luxurious homes, efficient and organized industries, complex computerized machinery and atomic weapons. Many societies are governed by democratic systems which herald a belief in freedom. All societies, regardless of their political and economic makeup, are also ruled by a special class of dictators; these dictators are unseen to the naked eye, and are invincible. These invisible tyrants are microorganisms. Underdeveloped countries, technologically advanced countries, and those in between are at the mercy of these microorganisms, which come in many forms - viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites. The most dangerous of these forms is the virus. Some viruses, such as the common flu, are considered to have a fairly detrimental capacity. However there is a much more severe and indiscriminate tyrant, with enormous corrupting influence, capable of infiltrating all of civilization.

Scientifically, it is a submicroscopic pathogen consisting of a particle of nucleic acid, enclosed in proteins, and able to replicate only within a living cell. Socially, it is responsible for an enormous amount of chaos and fear in the world today, and pronounces the human fault of ignorance.

The complex and confusing king of all tyrants is called Human Immunodeficiency Virus or HIV. The arrival of this new and lethal virus caught us off guard. Research suggests that, this agent responsible for AIDS probably dates back to the 1950s, with a chance infection of human by a modified Simian virus found in African green monkeys. Whatever its origin, scientists surmise that it spread from Africa to the Caribbean and Europe, then to the U.S.

AIDS has already become a crisis of...