Anatomy Throughout The Rennaisancce And Middle Ages

Essay by PaperNerd ContributorHigh School, 10th grade September 2001

download word file, 5 pages 0.0

Downloaded 29 times

Throughout the ages, hundreds of men, and some women, have contributed to the birth and further development of the study of anatomy. The birth of anatomy occurred some time in the Middle Ages. During the Middle Ages, there was little development in the study of the human body. By the time of the Renaissance, anatomy was reborn and became a controversial study that flourished throughout the rest of time. The primary instinct of scientists in the Middle Ages was to experiment with human cadavers, and obtain a basic knowledge of the body. As the studies progressed, schools and universities arose in order to organize and teach the information that was learned over the past years. During the Renaissance, many important figures arose that made great advancements to the field of anatomy. These advancements include naming body parts and also drawing them. Early scientists during the Middle Ages and the Renaissance encouraged and developed the study of anatomy by experimenting with human cadavers, setting up universities, and illustrating the body and its parts.

During the Middle Ages in Europe, midwives were responsible for both normal and caesarian births (BBC education 1). Male doctors did not play a major role in childbirth in this period (BBC education 1). At this point in time, anatomy was not well understood. No one really attempted to dissect a human body. Not long after, the skills of Islamic surgeons became famous throughout Western Europe. Islamic surgeons could perform eye operations, set bones, stitch wounds, and treat tumors (BBC education 3). Although the Islamic surgeons did perform small operations, it was the Romans who advanced in surgical techniques. A man named Claudius Galen began experimenting with apes and pigs, believing that they were closely related to humans. Galen also healed numerous injured gladiators. From the long years...