A who, what, when, where, and why on the Russian Revolution. Entitled: "The Russian Revolution: What Happened?"

Essay by defacto301Junior High, 9th gradeA+, May 2004

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+The Who

*Vladimir Ilich Lenin


-He became the chairman of the Military Committee of the Petrograd Soviet in September 1917.

-Leader and organizer of the Bolsheviks.

-The Bolsheviks were members of the Russian Communist Party.

-Lenin presided over Soviet Russia until his death.

*Joseph Stalin


-General secretary of the Communist Party of the USSR from 1922 to 1953.

-By the end of 1929 Stalin had succeeded in political maneuvers that eliminated his political opponents and established him as the supreme leader of the USSR.

-His policies lead to industrialization, but at the cost of millions of lives.

*Leon Trotsky


-Russian Marxist, who organized the revolution that brought the Bolsheviks (later Communists) to power in Russia in October 1917.

-An outstanding administrator and an eloquent theorist, Trotsky held a number of important posts in the government of Soviet Russia and then that of the USSR until he was ousted for his opposition to Communist Party leader Joseph Stalin in 1925.

*Tsar Nicholas II

-The final Tsar (king) of Russia.

-Nicholas held tightly to all ties to the past. He had no desire for Russia to progress greatly.

-Nicholas was very disliked by the people and tried hard to stop any kind of revolt from the people.

-However, the country was overrun by the Bolsheviks and he and his family were killed, except possibly for the legendary Princess Anastasia.

+The What

*Revolt by the People

-The Russian Revolution was a revolt and desire to change by the people. Lenin, Stalin, and Trotsky showed up on the scene to lead the people. The citizens were tired of being oppressed by the Czar, a ruler who did not look out for the people.

*Second Revolution

-The Revolution had really begun in 1905 but the major changes occurred in 1917...