Angina Pectororis

Essay by VikasHigh School, 12th gradeA, March 1997

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Angina pectoris is a medical condition that literally means a choked chest. The victim feels acute pain in his chest for a few seconds, and then it goes away. This occurs when myocardium cells, the muscle portion of your heart, are temporarily denied oxygen. At this stage they do not die, but maybe weakened. If left untreated and the disease continues, a serious condition known as myocardial infraction or commonly called a heart attack may occur. This can severely damage the heart's functionality. Which in turn effects our well being. We should be educated about the risks that go along with our cardiovascular system.

The most common cause of the condition angina pectoris is over consumption of cholesterol. This chemical is only needed in minute amounts, but is often eaten in every meal. In the body, cholesterol is responsible for the stability of plasma membranes of cells, and hormones are produced from it.

If consumed at higher rate then needed it is stored in the tunica interna, the innermost layer, of blood vessels. As it is stored it starts to build up eventually clogging the vessel. As a result of this all cells feed by the vessel die because of a lack of oxygen. If this condition is found early, it can be corrected with surgical procedures or, in some minor cases, corrective procedures.

Surgical procedures include bypass, laser and balloon surgery. In bypass surgery a vein is removed from the lower leg and a clogged vessel is worked around. Often in type of surgery the whole mid section of the body is cut and the ribs are pulled back, very painful with a very slow recovery. Some hospitals have now implemented a new technique where only a small hole is made and everything is done via a view screen.