Answers to some questions about world war II

Essay by chrisdanHigh School, 10th gradeA+, September 2004

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p. 798 #1a-h, 3, 4, 5, 6

1. a) The "phony war" was the time when French and British forces stayed under the Maginot Line to protect themselves against German forces. There were no battles and everything was quiet.

b) A city in northern France on the North Sea where in World War II (1940) 330,000 Allied troops had to be evacuated from the beaches at Dunkirk in a desperate retreat under enemy fire

c) British statesman and leader during World War II; received Nobel Prize for literature in 1953 (1874-1965)

d) The prolonged bombardment of British cities by the German Luftwaffe during World War II and the aerial combat that accompanied it

e) The conquest of the Sovier Union. Hitler's motives were to gain living space for Germans and to win control of regions rich in resources. He unleashed a new blitzkrieg - the Russians lost two and a half million soldiers.

f) In 1941, FDR convinced Congress to pass the act. It allowed him to sell or lend war materials to "any country whose defense the President deems vital to the defense of the United States."

g) Roosevelt and Churchill issued it together in August 1941. it set goals for the war - "the final destruction of the Nazi tyranny" - and for the postwar world. They wanted to support people's rights and for them to choose the form of government under which they would be ruled.

h) A harbor on Oahu west of Honolulu; location of a United States naval base that was attacked by the Japanese on 7 Dec 1941

3. New technologies made WWII a war of rapid movement because Hitler used his advanced technology, such as bomber planes, and fast moving tanks on the weaker, less developed nations around him. The less developed...