Arguments for the dissolution of NATO

Essay by Voodoo2004University, Bachelor's May 2004

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The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) has run its respective course. The alliance is no longer a feasible option in the post cold war world with the dissolution of the Soviet Union. NATO acts as an obstacle in the peace process when the United Nations (UN) is seen as a much more credible peacekeeping force than an outdated military alliance. The UN should solve issues around the globe not individually led alliances.

Here is a short background on the alliance and why it was formed. Originally created in 1949, the alliance was formed to deter an attack across Western Europe by the Soviet Union. The alliance is made up of twenty six charter members, mostly of Western European countries, with the exception of the United States, Canada and Australia. After World War II, the countries in Western Europe were decimated by the war and were in need of some protection from the larger and stronger Soviet Army.

The fear over the spread of communism through Europe was the paramount decision to form an alliance to protect Europe. The United States led the effort and began to collect member nations to join. The alliance was a strong deterrent to Soviet aggression and helped maintain a cold war peace for 46 years. The alliance was headquartered in Paris, France until 1961 when it was moved to Brussels, Belgium.

After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, there was no longer a feasible reason to keep the alliance in tact. Since the main reason was to face a Soviet threat, there was no longer a Soviet threat because the Soviet Union no longer existed. The Soviet Union fell into a loose configuration of states known as the Commonwealth of Independent States. Some people in the alliance believed that with an unstable...