Collapse of the Soviet Union

Essay by broewest09 October 2008

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The powerful communist nature of the Soviet Union has been responsible for many conflicts of the twentieth Century. Joseph Stalin, the first leader of Communist Russia, was one of the most powerful and influential men of all history. The Soviet Union was the dominant communist nation during the cold War, and its political beliefs led to multiple conflicts that have shaped the history of the world. Although once a powerful nation, Communist Russia primarily collapsed because of the poor leadership of Mikhail Gorbachev. Gorbachev's economic policies permanently damaged the Russian economy and communist way of life. Gorbachev seemed intent on taking early reforms in his years of office in order to solve the obvious economic problems of Russia. In addition, Gorbachev altered the laws of the communist government in his attempts to reform Russia thus leading to the collapse of the Soviet Union. The multiple examples of corruption within the Communist party also led to the downfall of Communism in Russia. The various political reforms of Gorbachev also led to the demise of the Soviet Union. Finally, the loosening of controls after the death of the Stalin led to the death of Russian Communism. The influence of Communist Russia on the world will never disappear throughout the course of history.

Under the rule of Gorbachev, the Soviet Union experienced an economic decline. Gorbachev called for the beginning of a market economy for Russia. In this system, some policies such as free enterprise and private property conflicted with the views of previous communist leaders. From the start of the Soviet Econmic system, the workers found little or no incentive to do their jobs to their best ability. Citizens of the Soviet Union were given no individual benefit for their own work efforts. No matter how much harder someone worked,