The Decay of tribal culture in South Africa is analyzed partially using the novel "Cry, the Beloved Country" by Alan Paton.

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A Culture Clash at its Worst

South Africa's history is marked by social turmoil and racial injustice. Harboring tremendous diversity, South Africa fought, and still fights, towards the creation of a single nation of unity and common purpose. The tribal culture predominant in the early 1900s began slipping

away as industrialization swept through the country and power shifted into the hands of whites. The black population's tribal lifestyle was slipping away with the times, yet they were not accepted in the cities and rather were plunged into a state of limbo. The whites feared the power that the predominant black population would gain if they were to become skilled and adopt western culture, and they therefore instilled restrictive laws as a defense. This increased repression was accompanied by increased resistance, and the racial divisiveness gained strength.

From 1920 to the 1970s, South Africa reeled, not under racism per se, but under the battle between the emerging western and decaying tribal cultures brought on by the lure of industrial cities and the white's fear of a loss of power.

The urbanization and industrialization of the 1930s exposed blacks to a western economy and way of life, thus contributing to the decay of tribal culture. "Mass migration occurred as both black and white South Africans moved from rural areas to urban settings" which bared job

opportunities and industry (Worter 57). Grand cities, such as Johannesburg, emerged from what used to be rural mining grounds. Large groups of Africans and Europeans came together in the confined urban spaces of the mine, the factory, the shop, and the home, and in response to these

proximity problems housing crises and tension emerged. The large-scale housing crisis that broke out caused blacks to be pushed into confined areas of the cities known as squatter's camps and...