Differences and similarities of Marcus Garvey and W.E.B. Dubois

Essay by thegrindhuCollege, UndergraduateA-, November 2014

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Tamlin Antoine


Question: Discuss the differences/similarities of the beliefs of Marcus Garvey and W.E.B.Dubois

The early 20th century was a period of struggle for African-Americans. Slavery had been abolished, but blacks were still oppressed and were in no way equal to whites. However, at this time blacks were beginning to make some advancements toward gaining racial equality. The Harlem renaissance started the first real sense of African-American culture through art, jazz, dance, and literature. There was also at this time the beginning of strong African-American movements to further the black race. A prominent movement was led by W.E.B Dubois that focused on educating blacks to create equality. On the other end there was Marcus Garvey, who led the movement for blacks to unite as a race against oppression.

Marcus Garvey was born and raised in St. Ann's Bay, Jamaica. He had little knowledge of racial segregation as a youth and even had a few white friends.

But at age 14 he was called a "nigger" by one of his white friends and was told not to see them anymore. This was his first taste of racism. Garvey then joined the National club, which was an organization that presented anti-colonial thinking to Jamaicans. He decided to leave Jamaica to see if blacks were also treated harshly in other countries. Upon arriving in England he noticed that blacks were not segregated there, much to his surprise. In England is where he developed most of his beliefs. Garvey identified closely with the movement to unify people of color against imperialism all over the world, better known as Pan-Africanism. In 1914 Garvey returned to Jamaica and founded the United Negro Improvement Association as a tool to promote his beliefs. He believed that blacks need to establish a universal confraternity among the race, promote...