Disease Related to Nutrition - Osteoporosis

Essay by M. KukoyiUniversity, Bachelor'sA, March 2006

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Osteoporosis is the disease and it is the process whereby the bones get weak and brittle which is caused by bone loss. This loss weakens the bones and can cause fractures in the hip, wrist, spine, or elsewhere. The older we get we lose more bone than our bodies can make. It is also a disease in which bones become fragile and more likely to break. Osteoporosis is commonly perceived as an illness of women; both doctor and the public are much less aware that it is a very common problem in men as well. Osteoporosis is the most common skeletal disease associated with aging. It can be caused by a family history of osteoporosis, the foods you eat, and your hormone make-up, your age, and how you live your life all play a role in causing this disease.

Osteoporosis is also a bone condition caused by a decrease in mass, resulting in bones that are more porous and more easily fractured than normal bones.

All bones can be affected but fractures are most common in the wrist, spine, and hip. There other risk factors and they are low calcium intake; inadequate physical activity; certain drugs, such as corticosteroids, and a family history of the disease. In women osteoporosis can be divided into two and they are primary osteoporosis and secondary osteoporosis.

The primary osteoporoses are as follows; we have idiopathic osteoporosis which is a rare disorder of unknown cause that affects premenopausal women and men who are middle-aged or younger. Then we have postmenopausal or estrogen-deficient in women that are caused by osteoporosis Type I, and is observed in women whose ovaries have ceased to produce the hormone estrogen. Then we have osteoporosis Type II, which is age related which affects those over the age of 70. The secondary...