An essay explaining those who opposed Richard III and why they opposed him.

Essay by tobyhewsonHigh School, 11th gradeC+, November 2003

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Who Opposed Richard III and Why?

Richard can be called an unpopular king. He made a couple of wrong decisions during his reign, but it was his usurpation on Henry V that caused a lot of angst, especially with Buckingham and the Woodvilles. Buckingham was key in Richard's usurpation but as Warwick the 'kingmaker' before him, he enacted a change of mind. It was after this change of mind that Buckingham hatched the idea to put Henry Tudor up as a candidate for the throne. It was also Buckingham's idea to wed Henry Tudor to Edward IV's daughter, Elizabeth of York, in order to make Henry Tudor's claim more creditable. Soon after the devise of this plan Buckingham invited Henry back to England from exile in Brittany. After discovering word of Buckingham's plans, Richard raised an impressive army and marched on Exeter. The revolt was suppressed without a fight following the arrest or flight of its perpetrators.

Buckingham's estate, along with the estates of other traitors were seized by the king and divided amongst the king's supporters. The king distributed the amassed estates in his treasury amongst his northerners, who were situated in every part of his dominions. This generousness from Richard to the northerners was deemed unfair by southerners, who murmured ceaselessly and longed more each day for their old lords in place of the tyranny of the present ones. Over time a conflict became more present amongst the north and the south.

Buckingham was executed without trial in Salisbury on the 2nd of November. Meanwhile Henry Tudor retreated back into exile with some of his followers. Richard's victory over Buckingham hadn't come cheaply. It had separated Britain into the north versus south. Lots of people in the south began to oppose Richard III's reign.

Also through Buckingham another...