To what extent did Pol Pot have a catastrophic effect on society?

Essay by joeycharltonHigh School, 11th gradeA-, October 2007

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Pol Pot and his party The Khmer Rouge ruled Cambodia from 1975 to 1979. Pol Pot, to a very large extent had a catastrophic effect on society, one from which Cambodia has not made a full recover. Pol Pot, to a large extent, had a catastrophic effect on the lives of his people. He was responsible for the killing of around 25% of the population, in particular, the intelligentsia, or anyone who appeared educated (Pagewise Inc. 2002). His policies had a devastating effect and he caused great unrest and conflict with Vietnam. This unrest became the foundation for several attacks on Cambodia. In addition Pol Pot’s idea of agricultural utopia has had a catastrophic effect on Cambodia’s current productivity. Cambodia is currently poverty stricken as an effect of Pol Pot’s regime, although it can be argued that Pol Pot’s regime brought some peasants out of complete poverty by enforcing a communist regime.

Pol Pot, to a very large extent had a catastrophic effect on the lives of his people. His regime discriminated particularly against intelligentsia, however people from all walks of life fell victim to his rule. Pol Pot aimed to create agricultural utopia. He believed this came from the empowerment of the peasants and rural poor (David Chandler, 1999). When Pol Pot gained power of the entire country in 1975 he began taking measures to create his agricultural utopia. Essentially he banned all institutions; this included the abolition of money, markets, schools, technology, newspapers, private property and the practice of religion. He also removed educated people, people who had contact with western counties, the disabled and small ethnic groups such as Chinese and Vietnamese from society. By doing so he planned to restrict the information available to society and prevent the possibility of...