What is fascism and why does it emerge?

Essay by Kory KaspersionUniversity, Bachelor'sB+, March 1997

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Fascism is a political ideology that consists of an all powering totalitarian government, which has total control of the people, the nation and the economy. The fascist economic system creates an upper class for the owning/ruling class and leaves the working class in a lower state who in turn produce for the elite. To justify themselves as beneficial to the oppressed lower class, the fascist installs an extreme sense of Nationalisms and organicism. If these method do not work then force is used. Fascism emerges out of economic crisis, a revolutionary promise and reaction to capitalism. It is often allowed to emerge because it is usually easy to get support from the upper class.

The fascist political structure consists of a totalitarian government with an extreme sense of absolutism. Absolutism is the principle of a absolute power in control with power that transcends even the laws itself, under the control of one main dictator who carries traits of of a geniuses or of a hero.

This way the masses can be drawn into him through emotion and appeal. With the totalitarian government the fascist has total control of the nation and the people.

Along with the fascist total ruling over the people and nation came its total ruling over the economy. Although different fascist have had different economic structures, all regimes more or less, have had the same model. The main defining character of the fascist economy is the principle of goverment-buisness relationship. Like the first fascist regime in Italy, its leader created a system where private ownership was

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allowed but state intervention was issued on management and labour. He did this by creating grouped established syndicates, such as "The National Confederation of Commerce" or the "The National Federation of Credit and Insurgence". The government then controlled...