"Lord of the Flies" (Golding), portrays the defects of human nature, and a philosophical pessimism that seals the fate of man

Essay by Ray GonzalezHigh School, 12th gradeA+, November 1996

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The world had witnessed the atrocities of World War II and began to

examine the defects of their social ethics. Man's purity and innocence was gone.

Man's ability to remain civilized was faltering. This change of attitude was

extremely evident in the literature of the age. Writers, who through the use of

clever symbolism, mocked the tragedy of man's fate. One such writer was William

Golding. An author who has seen the destruction of war and despises its

inevitable return. Through the use of innocent and untainted children, Golding

illustrates how man is doomed by his own instinct. The novel is called Lord of the

Flies, and is of extreme importance to help reconstruct the current wave of

revolutionary ideas that swept the twentieth-century generation. Lord of the Flies

portrays the belief of the age that man is in a constant struggle between darkness

and light, the defects of human nature, and a philosophical pessimism that seals the

fate of man.

Golding's work are, due to their rigid structure and style, are

interpreted in many different ways. Its unique style is different from the

contemporary thought and therefor open for criticism.

The struggle between darkness and light is a major theme in all the works of

William Golding. Strong examples of this are found throughout Lord of the Flies.

The most obvious is the struggle between Ralph and Jack. The characters

themselves have been heavily influenced by the war. Ralph is the representative of

Democracy. Elected as the leader he and Piggy his companion keep order and

maintain a civilized government. The strength of Ralph's character was supported

by the power of World War II. Jack, on the other hand, represents

authoritarianism. He rules as a dictator and is the exact opposite of Ralph. Jack is

exemplifying the Hitler's...