The Ontological Argument

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Outline and discuss the various forms of the Ontological Argument The Ontological Argument. Ontology is the branch of metaphysics dealing with the nature of being. "˜Onto' means "˜being', the ontological argument is an a priori argument. And ontological argument for God's existence is an attempt to prove rationally that God exists, without referring to Scriptures or otherwise. It differs from other arguments of that kind by taking as its starting point nothing but the concept of God. The Cosmological Argument starts from a fact and leads to God, the Ontological Argument doesn't start from a fact. It is a UNIQUE argument because it is the only A PRIORI argument. Hume dismisses the Ontological Argument from the beginning. He says no a priori argument for God can be of any value. This is because you can't make God exist just because you think about it, you have to experience something for it to exist.

Since this argument has appeared it has been debated by philosophers, many saying it doesn't work but they can't always say why. It is not an argument that has been settled and is still after 1000 years very much alive today.

An argument of this kind was first proposed by Anselm of Canterbury in his Proslogion created in 1077, a meditative prayer like book by the saint. The writing becomes a prayer. "˜The foolish man says in his heart "There is no God"�', this is the first line of Psalm 14 and St Anselm goes on to talk about the foolish man. He goes on to discuss the Ontological Argument more (though he didn't the argument this, we have over time). St Anselm says the foolish man is very foolish to arrive at such a conclusion as there is no because no intelligent man cannot...