What reasons motivate Latin Americans to migrate to the United States?

Essay by bazookCollege, Undergraduate December 2007

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We know that most newcomers leave behind poverty and unemployment in their homelands in search of better fortunes in America. However, research on this subject suggest that the causes of immigration are often more complex and numerous than most assume. The capacity of natural disasters, environmental crises, overpopulation, wars, and civil unrest to displace and set in motion millions of people around the globe and seek refugee and asylum policies that extend relief to some non-citizens fleeing political, ethnic, religious, and gender persecution. Evaluating the causes of U.S. immigration can reveal a great deal about recent immigrants, their homelands, and America's image abroad.

Daniel Tichenor from the Rutgers University states in his essay U.S.A. Immigration, "The story of the American people is a story of immigration and diversity." Each immigrant in this country has a different reason of why he or she came to the United States. Throughout the years the reasons change for the new immigrants; according to the American Immigration Web Page, "from 1607-1830 the major reasons were political freedom, religious tolerance, economic opportunity, people wanting a better life, better job, more money and some were forced to leave because of slavery."There

are two types of motivation for immigration "push" and "pull" factors. According to Daniel Tichenor, push factor is "the need to leave in order to survive." Push factor is the case of people that have to leave their country for political freedom and religious tolerance. An example of this is the case of El Salvador, Guatemala and Nicaragua. "These countries were involved in civil war, and people struggle to escape their native countries fearing for their lives and their love ones. Many of these people have not choice other than leave everything behind, to start a new life in a foreign country. Now these people over...