-Ridley, Jasper Godwin. Mussolini: A Biography New York, New York. Cooper Square Press 2000.

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History: History of Modern Italy

-Ridley, Jasper Godwin. Mussolini: A Biography

New York, New York. Cooper Square Press 2000.

"On November 24, at a meeting of the Milanese branch of the Socialist Party in the Teatro del Popolo in Milan, Mussolini was expelled from the party after a bitter debate in which he had defended his conduct, and his policy of intervention in the war, in the face of interruption and booing." (Page 67) Jasper Ridley's Mussolini a Biography depicts the life of the Fascist ruler of Italy during the 20th century. After Mussolini's death and the Allied victory, several members of Mussolini's staff wrote books, and gave interviews to Italian newspapers, about their experiences with working with the former Prime Minister of Italy. The members of Mussolini's staff tended to "paint a picture" (page 353) of a pathetic victim to the Germans, who objected to the way in which Germans were behaving in Italy, but he was too powerless to stop them.

Though first person accounts the author also points out that Mussolini was not the idiot he always appeared to be. (~Chapter 7) Prime Minister Churchill and President Roosevelt appeared as an idiot to the leaders of the Allied powers seemed to get the upper hand during treaties and debates.

Chapter 1: The Red Romagna

Benito Mussolini, the son of Alessandro Mussolini and Rosa Maltoni, was born in Verano di Costa, July 29 1883, fourteen months after the death of Guiseppe Garibaldi and fourteen months after the death of Karl Marx. Mussolini greatly admired these two men at some stage of his life.(page 1) In this chapter the author did not talking about the childhood of Benito Mussolini, it discussed the time period prior before Benito's birth; it discusses the introduction of Alessandro and Rosa and how...