Is there a God or is HE (?) an illusion?

Essay by Juliette V. March 1997

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Topic: Philosophy of Religion

Thesis: Is there a God or is He(?) an illusion?


Benedict Spinoza - rationalist

Freidrick Schleiermacher - religion

Sigmund Freud - atheist

An illusion is one's own interpretation and perception of someone or

something. It can be a strong belief or a wish. They are not necessarily

false or errors.

The strength of the illusion lies in the strength of wish fulfillment.

For example - People, at first, interpret phenomena's according to their

experience and knowledge of their every day life. They project their own

character into the circumstance presented and regard it as somehow 'ensouled'.

Such indefinite notions are transformed into a distinct conception of a

higher order than human beings, and yet somehow resembling them.

As it may seem, humans have a metaphysical (speculative) need for a Supreme

Being. God, as we call him. He is the eternal and infinite Spirit, Creator

of the Universe, and the ultimate power.

We present him with human

characteristics in all concepts of God, which has led me to believe that

it is not God who created man in His image, but man who creates God in his.

Religion is one such need based on myth and spiritualism. People are taught

about their religion at a young age, and when they grow up they attempt to

account for things using the notion of their religion as the basis for their


On the other hand, there is no truth so certain as the existence of God.

He is the groundwork of all our hopes, and our foundation of morality and

society. Nothing exists without a cause. Although we can't demonstrate

a soul-substance and the immortality of a soul, or demonstrate anything

concerning the nature of God, there is still a dependency on him, so that

we cannot ascribe a personality to God, in the case that it would make him


God is the universe conceived as an eternal and necessary unity.