Trotsky's Contribution to the Success of the Bolsheviks up to 1922

Essay by Jack, March 2006

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Trotsky contributed To the Bolsheviks Success in Many Ways. One Of These Ways Was The Great October/November Socialist Revolution. The Revolution Took Place In October According to the old calendar. Although Lenin was in charge it was Trotsky who had done most of the planning. They planned to strike when the all-Russian congress was meeting. Armed red guards seized the bridges and important buildings. The Red Guards took control of the capital. When the Mensheviks found out they, along with most of the socialist revolutionaries, were Furious about the Bolsheviks taking the law into their own hands when it had not been discussed and walked out of the meeting. By doing this it put the Bolsheviks in charge.

Another way Trotsky contributed to the Bolsheviks' success was the treaty of Brest-Litovsk. The Germans had already invaded Russia. Trotsky was sent to negotiate and in March 1918 the treaty of Brest-Litovsk was signed.

The terms were harsh and Russia had to give up parts of the Old Russian Empire but they were necessary for peace. Many laws changed because of the treaty. Women received the same rights as men, The church had its taken by the government, peasants were allowed to take over land and businesses and trade were nationalised.

After the constituent Assembly was closed down the other parties worked to overthrow the communists. The Communists were under major threat. Even Lenin him-self was shot by a socialist revolutionary. Then other countries got involved in Russia in 1918. Britain, France, American, Japanese and some more countries sent armies to Russia for many different reasons. Trotsky and Lenin had to recruit the red army for defence. British troops landed at Murmansk in the north, Japanese landed in the east in Vladivostock. Also British and French Landed in the south. During...