Essay by nadia786University, Bachelor'sA-, October 2007

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Yoga � PAGE �1�

Running Head: YOGA


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Yoga in Modern India: The Body between Science and Philosophy. by Sarah Strauss

Several observers have thickly packed treatise on the growth of Yoga in India offers a magnificent resource for historians and anthropologists involved in the ways in which autonomist and postcolonial forces in modern India have fashioned the production of Yoga. Alter. J has a extraordinary knowledge of equally the current and antique textual sources on Yoga philosophy and perform, traveling in his psychoanalysis from the traditional to the shocking by nary a blink, and given that his audience by a wonderful journey 'not to uncover the truth behind Yoga ... nor ... to delineate what is good Yoga from what is bad ... [but to] illustrate the genius of transnational imaginations, grounded in India, making and remaking the body, society, and the world' (ALTER, JOSEPH S.

p. 15).

Hindu custom in general recognizes three major kinds of yoga: jnana yoga, the path of understanding and wisdom, bhakti yoga, the path of love and attachment to a personal God, and karma yoga, the path of unselfish action. Further classifications exist. Patañjali's yoga is identified as raja, or "royal," yoga. Hatha yoga, which pressure physical control and attitude, is extensively experienced in the West. Kundalini yoga, particularly linked with Tantra, is based on the physiology of the "subtle body," according to which seven main centers of psychic energy, called chakras, are situated beside the spinal column, with the kundalini, or "coiled" energy in dormant form, situated at the base of the spine. When the kundalini is set in motion by yogic methods, it ascends the spine throughout the main slight artery of the sushumna, "opening" every chakra in turn.

As Yoga has...