A.Brief Country Description
Canada is a land of vast distances and rich natural resources, Canada became a self-governing dominion in 1867 while retaining ties to the British crown. Economically and technologically the nation has developed in parallel with the US, its neighbor to the south across an unfortified border. Its paramount political problem continues to be the relationship of the province of Quebec, with its French-speaking residents and unique culture, to the remainder of the country.
1.Country location and size:
Canada consists of the entire North American continent north of the Unites States except Alaska and the small French islands of St. Pierre and Miquelon. Its total land area of 9.9 million square kilometers (3.8 million square miles) makes it the second-largest country in the world. Canada is bounded on the North by the Artic Ocean, on the east by Kennedy Channel, Nares Strait, Baffin Bay, Davis Strait and the Atlantic Ocean, on the south by the United States and on the west by the Pacific Ocean and the US state of Alaska.
The capital city of Canada is Ottawa, located at the southeastern part of the country. It has a population of 1.081 million and is one of Canada's most bilingual communities, with nearly half a million people speaking both English and French.
3.Major port cities
Canada has two major port cities which are very distinct from one another, even though each is a commercially thriving metropolitan center. One of them is Montreal, established in the 17th century and the largest French city outside France, has a strong influence of French architecture and culture. It is a financial and manufacturing center and seaport, with the majority of Canada's European exports and imports coming through its harbor. The second city port is Vancouver,