FRS 1: CASH FLOW STATEMENTS
AMENDMENT OF FRS 1 CASH FLOW STATEMENT
Cash flow statements are intended to complement the other primary financial statements. While information about profits and other gains or losses is obviously important in assessing the progress of a company, it is equally important to gain an understanding of how those gains and losses, and other transactions of the company, have been reflected in the cash flows (Chopping & Stephens 2003).
FRS 1 (revised) Cash flow statements came out in 1996 as a replacement to FRS 1 Cash flow statement. The release of FRS 1 (revised) lends itself to a potential question - the reasons for the issue of the revised standard.
REASONS FOR REVISING FRS 1
FRED 10 cash flow statements, the Financial Reporting Exposure Draft that preceded FRS 1 (revised), outlined several criticisms of FRS 1 (Business Source Premier 1996):
1. The main criticism was that the definition of 'cash and cash equivalents' was too restrictive.
Cash was not a problem, but because treasury management vary among entities, the definition of cash equivalents had presented difficulty.
2. The second criticism of FRS 1 was that the final balance on the cash flow statement was of little relevance in assessing the liquidity of the entity. By focusing on the movement in cash and cash equivalents, other balances such as movements on loans and long-term investments were ignored.
3. There was also a problem with the heading 'investing activities' on the face of the cash flow statement. 'Investing activities' included the cash effects of the purchase and sale of both long-term investments such as fixed assets, and short-term investments such as short-term deposits.
4. Finally, there was a general concern that the cash flow statement was not reflecting the more important or relevant aspects of cash...