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Spanning over 4,000 years of tradition, Judaism is the world's oldest monotheistic religion. Judaism originated in the Middle East. However, Jewish communities have existed at one time or another in almost all parts of the world, a result of both voluntary migrations of Jews and forced exile or expulsions. Historic Judaism teaches that Jews are the "chosen people"� through whom God has spoken to the world and revealed how to live in accordance with his laws. At one time the Jewish people worshiped many gods. A man named Abraham believed this practice of worshiping many gods was wrong. He believed there was only one true God. God came to Abraham and made a covenant or agreement with him. He promised that Abraham and his descendants would become a great nation in Cannon, "the land of milk and honey,"� if they worshiped the one true God and obeyed his laws. These are the words of the covenant: Now the Lord said to Abraham, "Go from your country and your kindred and your father's house to the land that I will show you.

And I will make you a great nation, and I will bless you, and make your name great, so that you will be a blessing. I will bless those who bless you, and him who curses you I will curse; and by you all the families of the earth shall bless themselves."� (Genesis 12:1-3) The idea of the covenant also determines the way in which both nature and history traditionally have been viewed in Judaism. Israel's well-being is seen to depend on obedience to God's commandments. Both natural and historical events that befall Israel are interpreted as emanating from God and are influenced by Israel's religious behavior. A direct causal connection is thus made between human behavior and human...