Maria P. Cara Cervilla
22 September 2014
SUBSISTENCE OF MONARCHIES
At present, especially in recent years, the global population appears to have begun to question the legitimacy of their leaders in power and the suitability of their government systems. What began in 2010 with the Arab Spring in the Arab countries of North Africa, soon spread through the rest of Africa and Middle East and influenced the rest of the Western world ("Arab Spring").. Not only dictatorships and absolute monarchies lacking democracy have been affected by the protests, also democratic governments - such as those with constitutional/ parliamentary monarchies as Spain - have been subject of debate. Monarchies were once the most common form of government in the world; however, at present, they are considered obsolete and are sentenced to disappear in favor of the Republics, as the ongoing Republic-Monarchy discussions reflects.
Before further argumentation, it is necessary to understand what a monarchy is and the different types existent nowadays.
A monarchy can be defined as a form of government in which sovereignty is held by a single person, for life and designed in a hereditary order. ("Monarchy"). However, in some cases, it can be done in a elective1 form. In one hand are the absolute monarchies, regimens where the monarch have the absolute government power and has no or few restrains in state and political matters. In the other hand, are the most common types of monarchy in the occidental world: Constitutional and parliamentarian monarchies. These are a form of democratic government in which, the monarch, still maintaining his position as sovereign, have limited or merely symbolic powers within the boundaries of a constitution. The executive power is exercised by the government in the monarch's name, leaded by a primer minister or a president...