Hypothesis: Most people live in ignorance most of the time.
Definitions:1)Ignorance - Destitute of knowledge; uninstructed or uninformed2)Allegory - A figurative discourse, in which the principal subject is described by another subject resembling it in its properties and circumstances3)Plato's "Republic" - a dialogue in which Plato explores what an ideal society would be like4)Reality - The state or quality of being real; truth; fact; that which is real as opposed to that which is imagination or pretense.
Explanation: Like Socrates, Plato believed most of us live in ignorance or most of the time. The worst of this situation is that we do not even know we are ignorant. Everyday we get ready for what the day has to bring to us. Most of us follow a steady routine that follows the day. When the day is over, we go to bed and do it all over again for the rest of our lives.
To us this is reality. We perceive reality to what we only know. According to Plato, there is only one way to know reality. Plato believes that you must relay on your reason rather than on your senses, your untested opinions, or your feelings. "Reason will not deceive you." Plato says. With it, you will be able to distinguish what is real from what is not.
Proofs: To illustrate this point, Plato asks us to imagine a cave. The inhabitants are chained hand and foot, and their heads are in a fixed position so that they can only see the wall in front of them. On this wall shadows appear, and the prisoners assume these shadows are reality. This is the only reality they know sense birth. As he explains in this Allegory, Plato lets us know that a fire burning at the cave's entrance...