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Federalist - a member of a major political party in the early years of the U.S. favoring a strong centralized national government anti-federalist - people who believed that expanding the power of the central government at the expense of the states would lead to a corrupt and arbitrary rule by new aristocrats and that extending a republic over a large territory would separate national legislators from the interests and close oversight of their constituents bicameral legislature - a legislative branch consisting of two houses, a lower house and an upper house in which the lower house was voted upon directly by the people and each state had an equal amount of representation. The upper house voted upon by the lower house, from nominations made by state legislatures, and the number or representatives were based on the population bills of credit checks and balances - a system of limiting the power of the central government as well as the state governments.

It also provided a way for any two of the three branches of government to prevent the third branch from getting too powerful or abusing the powers allotted to it commerce - the buying and selling of commodities; trade confederation - a type of government in which the individual state governments have more power while the central government has very limited powers. ex: 13 independent state republics under a nearly powerless national government created by American revolutionaries delegate - A person authorized to act as representative for another; a deputy or an agent delegated powers Despots - A ruler with absolute power duty - A tax charged by a government, especially on imports.

electoral college - A body of electors chosen to elect the President and Vice President of the United States.

executive branch - the branch of the United States government that is responsible for carrying out the laws federal system - the organization of the USA Great Compromise - the branch of the United States government responsible for the administration of justice Impeach - To charge (a public official) with improper conduct in office before a proper tribunal.

Judicial branch - the branch of the United States government responsible for the administration of justice legislative branch - the branch of the United States government that has the power to create or pass laws New Jersey Plan - It was proposed by William Paterson. In many ways this plan resembled our current plan of government, The Articles of Confederation. This plan proposed a one-house national legislature with representatives selected by state legislatures. Each state will be able to cast one vote. It also proposed a supreme court appointed for life by the executive officers. This is the plan that smaller states wanted since there's less people in it.

ratification - To approve and give formal sanction to; confirm reserved power Sovereign - One that exercises supreme, permanent authority, especially in a nation or other governmental unit, as: A king, queen, or other noble person who serves as chief of state; a ruler or monarch or a national governing council or committee.

Three/Fifths Compromise - Proposed by a committee headed by Benjamin Franklin. Stated that every 5 slaves were counted as 3 people in the representation since people were arguing about how some states have a lot of slaves and therefore they should get more representation as to other states who didn't have a lot of them said how they shouldn't, considering they weren't free.

veto - The vested power or constitutional right of one branch or department of government to refuse approval of measures proposed by another department, especially the power of a chief executive to reject a bill passed by the legislature and thus prevent or delay its enactment into law.

Virginia Plan - This Virginia Plan was proposed by Edmund Randolph. The plan favored the interest of the larger states, the smaller states feared that they would have no power. This plan proposed three separate branches of government and a bicameral legislature where representation will be based upon states population or money contributions. This was the plan that larger states wanted.