Work occupies nearly a third of the time we spend awake each week. Being such a significant portion of our life, the feelings, emotions, and stress we get from work can bring a significant standing on how we feel throughout the remainder of the week. This paper will discuss the sources of workplace stress, such as (a) lack of control, (b) interpersonal conflicts, and (c) work-family conflicts. It will also review stress management techniques, such as (a) work and job design, (b) cognitive restructuring, and (c) relaxation and biofeedback techniques.
One of the sources of workplace stress is an actual or perceived lack of control. Having an employer in control of your actions, your schedule, and so on can leave people feeling like they have no control in what they do every day. The concept of control in the workplace is also referred to as autonomy, which is the amount of control that employees have over what, how and when they perform their required tasks (Landy & Conte, 2007).
Another source of occupational stress is through interpersonal conflict. Interpersonal conflict can be defined as negative interactions with others at work, including co-workers, supervisors, or clients. There are a variety of reasons why interpersonal conflicts occur. Some can arise because of personality differences, feelings of partiality or preference being shown by a supervisor, or because of scarcities of office resources. Interpersonal conflicts can be a major distraction to workers, adding to their stress levels as their productivity or quality of work decreases (Landy & Conte, 2007).
A third source of workplace stress is because of a work-family conflict. The responsibilities that someone has at work may sometimes be at odds with schedules or commitments in that person's personal or family life. Studies have shown that work-family conflicts are on the rise...