The 1982 Patriation of the Canadian Constitution: Canada Attains Complete National Sovereignty

Essay by TaimanovHigh School, 10th grade June 2002

download word file, 1 pages 2.2 1 reviews

Downloaded 81 times

Before 1982, Canada's constitution was the British North America Act. Any changes to this constitution required the approval of the British government. For years, Canadian

governments had considered patriating the constitution, but no agreement could be reached pertaining to the changes. In 1981, Prime Minister Pierre Elliot Trudeau decided it was time to act upon the ideas of his predecessors; thus, work started on the creation of a new Canadian constitution.

Less than a month after the Quebec referendum, Trudeau organized a conference with the provincial premiers; however, the premiers could not agree on a od of revising the

constitution. With this problem impeding his progress, Trudeau announced to the Canadian public, his government's intention to unilaterally work on patriating the constitution.

In early November, 1981, Trudeau made a final effort to involve the provincial premiers in the patriation process. At the last moment, an agreement between the provincial and federal governments, save for Quebec, was successfully employed.

On December 2, 1981, the federal Parliament voted in favour of the patriation package. This event seemed to reflect Canada's blossoming self-identity.

A Canadian delegation went to London, England, to seek approval of the patriation package from the British Parliament. The delegation was granted its request on March 8, 1982; thus, Canada?s status as a fully independent nation was recognized. This event was one of the most significant defining moments in Canadian history, because it gave Canada complete autonomy from Britain, by allowing Canada to amend and manage its own constitution.