The Agriculture and Government of Rome

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Throughout the course of the history, Rome has been changed from its government to its influence on the citizens. The Punic Wars had an immense effect on Roman agriculture and their daily lifestyles. Rome had begun as a small city-state. It's constitution, its government, its social structure, and its moral values were those of a small, mainly agrarian state. All of these, the constitution, government, social structure, and values, adapted well to the governing of Italy. The Empire, however, which Rome had stumbled into by accident, provoked a profound crisis in Roman society, government, and morals? Of course like with all empires, the larger it becomes, the harder it is to maintain; Rome was certainly not an exception to this.

The Roman state had expanded, from a loose alliance of various cities in the Italian peninsula to a power of the extreme. However, with great power comes great responsibility and that created a range of new problems for the Roman Republic.

Rome was still a republic but the way it dealt with other things changed. It was these changes that shaped Rome. The government went through drastic changes as well as their agriculture as the Roman state became more complicated. The increased land and population made it more challenging for the Republic to maintain reasonable laws and leaders to preside over the new lands, thus ensuing in much corruption in the heart of the government.

The deterioration of the independent farmers and the mass increase of the unemployed only weakened the Roman principles of discipline and dedication to the state. People were now judged based upon their wealth instead of their character and who they really were as a person. Other changes in the social classes were that successful war leaders enslaved their enemies, the prisoners of war. Fortunately for...