Essay by Anonymous UserCollege, UndergraduateA+, December 1996

download word file, 1 pages 3.3

Downloaded 56 times

The United Nations AIDS organization released disturbing estimates

Thursday of the seemingly relentless expansion of the HIV pandemic.

At a time when many Americans are increasingly optimistic that

state-of-the-art drug therapy might eliminate the virus, HIV is taking a

heavy toll worldwide.

According to the agency, every minute of every day somewhere in the

world, six people become infected with HIV: 7,500 adults per day and

1,000 children. About 30 million people have acquired the virus during the

last 15 years; 6.4 million of them have died of AIDS.

Behind this mounting death count are the signs of growing social

disruption. For example, in sub-Saharan Africa, more than 1 million

children have lost their parents to AIDS. And within four years, there will

be more than 2 million AIDS orphans in the following seven countries

combined: Dominican Republic, Kenya, Rwanda, Thailand, Uganda, the

United States, and Zambia.

Illness and death among young adults due to HIV have reached such

proportions in some countries that overall national economics and

productivity are affected.

In Uganda, for example, 44 percent of all

premature deaths are attributable to AIDS. In terms of years of labor

productivity, AIDS is responsible for more than 66 percent of Uganda's

economically significant losses.

The virus is also spreading into new areas. For example:

-During the last three years, HIV-infection rates among Vietnamese

prostitutes jumped from 9 percent to 38 percent.

-Infection rates among blood donors in the Cambodian capital of Phnom

Penh have soared from 0.1 percent to more than 10 percent.

-In the Ukrainian Black Sea port of Nikolayev, HIV-infection rates

among narcotics users exploded in 1995, jumping from a 1.7 percent in

January to 56.5 percent in November.

-South Africa, long spared, is now being overrun. Tests of pregnant

women in the province of Kwazulu/Natal...